How To Become A Full Stack Developer In 2020 [ROADMAP]?
With technological advancements in the recent years, there comes the highest demand for full stack developers than ever before.
So, You want to be a good developer, so you want to go full stack. Entering the web development industry is a relatively easy task today, but riding the information technology wave as a full stack developer is not everyone’s cup of tea.
Being a full-stack developer requires you to know about all the front-end technologies and all the back-end technologies.
The range of skills that a full stack developer is expected to have means that those skills do not reach a level of proficiency required for one to be called an “expert.”
Here are some tips and tricks to become a full-stack developer and entire roadmap you need to follow in 2020.
There may be many reasons for this increasing trend as to why is it happening? Its very simple that the more skills you have in your profession nowadays, the more valuable you become.
You need to be a jack of all trades to taste a successful career ahead. Developers now identify with over 24 such specific job titles, including front-end web developer, back-end web developer, mobile developer, and desktop developer.
If we talk about development then for sure, a full-stack developer is a must. Get the skills to work with both back-end and front-end technologies as a full-stack developer. You’ll need to develop a solid foundation for working with servers and host configurations, performing database integrations, and creating dynamic, data-driven websites.
Who is a full stack developer?
A “full stack” refers to the collection of a series of technologies needed to complete a project and the developer who knows all the technologies likewise is considered as a full stack developer.
In other words:
A full stack developer is someone who knows how to work on the backend, the front-end and deploy to the server, all while speaking seven ancient dialects seeking money and attention.
The frontend: This is the part of the web application that the user sees and uses.
The backend: These are parts of the application that function behind the scenes and execute the commands issued by the user. This usually includes:
validation of users
Full Stack Web Developer Skills
A Full Stack Web Developer must be able to create and maintain the front-end and back-end of web applications and must be proficient with the various languages that are used to develop a web application.
What Do You Need to Learn to be a Full Stack Developer?
If you’re determined to pursue a career as a full stack developer, these are the things you need to learn. (Take note that because many people have different opinions about full stack developers, you might need more or less than these to snag your dream job.)
This is where you study programming languages such as JAVA, Python, Ruby, Node.js, and PHP.
Some of the topics you need to learn to gain full stack development skills are relational databases (MySQL), NoSQL databases (MongoDB, Redis), graph databases (Neo4j), and other web storage.
Learn about the architecture of web programs so you are sufficiently armed with the appropriate skills and knowledge if you want to create a more complicated web application.
Some topics to keep in mind: Heroku, AWS, performance optimization for applications, and model-view-controller (MVC).
Here’s a list of skills required (save it for reference) :
An in-depth understanding of working with system infrastructure, web architecture and communication protocols like HTTP, TCP/IP, etc.
Skilled in working with deployment operating systems like, Ubuntu, CentOS, Windows, etc
Understanding the function of a web server such as nginx, Apache, etc.
Basic designing ability (UI/UX designing)
Design and develop the UI using web development framework and libraries like jQuery, React, AngularJs, etc
A good understanding of server-side languages such as Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, etc and server-side frameworks such as NodeJS
Well versed in operating and querying Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systems such as MongoDB, SQL, MySQL, etc.
Operating and managing Version Control Systems such as Git, Subversion, etc.
18 point checklist of things you need to know to build a full stack application on the backend:
1.. Learn how to Authenticate
2.. Build Roles, Permissions and Access Control
3.. Learn how to CRUD
4.. Learn how to REST
5.. Learn to work with forms and state
6.. Build an API
7.. Build Notifications for Email, SMS and other realtime Webhooks
8.. Build Subscriptions and Plans
9.. Learn billing integration with payment gateways
10.. Handle File uploads
11.. Don’t be afraid to work with third party APIs, Frameworks and Packages
12.. Work with, build and extend community packages
13.. Create an admin interface
14.. Manage Caching
15.. Think in terms of components
16.. Work with a modern version control system for your code
17.. Work with the command line
18.. Ask good questions on Stack Overflow
8 tips that can help you become a full-stack developer:
HTML: HTML is the tool that helps developers input content into a website and CSS is a designing tool used to alter the appearance of web applications.
Ruby: Some popular frameworks for developing in Ruby are Rails and Sinatra. Plenty of programs teach Ruby as a first back-end language.
Python: Popular frameworks for developing in Python are Django and Flask.
Java: A very in-demand language but it isn’t taught so much these days when it comes to Full-Stack Web Development, but some companies do use Java as their back-end.
PHP: PHP is rarely taught in programs these days, but just like with Java, it is still very in-demand and it is a cornerstone of the web today.
Master one language: Most developers try to learn all the languages they can but doing that is not at all overwhelming instead for some it is impossible. You need not worry if you don’t know all the general-purpose programming languages. Not everybody can be master of all traits so just choose to learn either Python, PHP, Ruby or any other language.
Start from weak point: If you have hands on the front end for so long, then start your process with the backend or vice versa. If you don’t have expertise in any of the processes either frontend or backend then we will suggest to start with the backend technology and then moving forward with the frontend.
Read programming books and manuals: Try reading books and manuals with the most effective ways to learn code and then practice it to know that you’re doing it correctly. The Internet can be of great help for programming guides and manuals to learn specific programming language you’re trying to learn.
Joining a Course: Learning can never stop. Try to learn new things to prepare yourselves for any technical situations. To do this only your job can’t be helpful, you need to take up an online course. There are many organizations that can help you with the same. Treehouse, Odin Project are few of the renowned resources. Sit, plan and schedule things accordingly so that you get enough time for coding projects. You can opt for webinars, group tutoring sessions as well to let you learn to code quickly.
Building up a strong network: The one and the only way to stay up to date is to stay active in the market. For this, build a network of peers online. There are many options to join a community, social media sites, online forums, chat rooms and groups that offer a great way to do so.
Develop something: Practical knowledge is required to develop something. You can’t deny the fact that the best way to learn a particular framework or process to need to do it in a live environment. Don’t just sit around to learn theories and concepts. Code it, develop something that clearly demonstrates what you have learned, what issues and problems can come and how you can solve those by taking help from theoretical knowledge into practical ones that no theory book will ever teach you.
Fullstack Web Development 2019 Roadmap
You can choose either the Front-end, or Back-end path below. Regardless, there are eight recommendations in yellow that you should learn for either path. Focus on yellow boxes and grow from there.
Full Stack Web Developer Technologies:
Becoming a Full Stack Developer involves developing, designing and being proficient in the following three layers of development:
Self-requirements are also an essential factor to become a full stack developer:
Good communication skills
Time management skills
The path to becoming a full stack developer will surely take its own time. It’s not just about learning various front-end and backend technologies instead it is about understanding these two areas in more detail and making communication smoother. Patience and curiosity to learn new frameworks and mastering them can help you reach the desired level.
Recommended learnings for Front End & Back End
Learning Front End
HTML / CSS
Full Stack Developer FAQ’s:
Are full stack developers in demand?
Yes, there is a total 20 per cent growth in demand for ‘full stack developers’ as compared to last year. This increase is due to the reason that companies these days look for multi-skilled professionals and a full stack developer is someone who can work on both the front-end and back-end portions to achieve the desired results.
How long does it take to be a full stack developer?
To become a full-stack developer it would take approximately 8–12 months depending on how proficient you are in coding and how quickly you are able to learn the frameworks.
What is a full stack project?
A full stack developer is a developer who is able to handle all the work of databases, servers, systems engineering, and clients. Depending on the project, what clients need may be a mobile stack, a Web stack, or a native application stack.
A full stack developer can’t be accomplished overnight. You need to lay the technical foundation, strengthen your core skills, have learning environment and keep learning new challenges.
Here at RedBlink Technologies, we have a team of full stack developers who have the ability to streamline applications and web development projects using full stack development. They use advanced technologies to create and build robust enterprise development solutions.
So if you’re the kind of person who enjoys reading software & web development blogs then we have the best for you. The dynamics of the market are ever changing, and you never know what technology you’ll be implementing next also, what can be the new programming languages, new frameworks to get the desired results.
It’s no wonder that there is ample amount of online and in-person programs that can help people become Full-Stack Developer and also can land high-paying jobs.
It’ll be hard learning all of this, but for sure it’s rewarding in the end and keep in mind that Full-Stack Development is fun!